English
聯系我們
網站地圖
郵箱
舊版回顧



結香——會打結的“植物匠人”

文章來源:武漢植物園   發布時間:2019-03-27  【字號:     】  

  正是乍暖還寒時候,黃昏時漫步于花境大道,感受著這一刻的寧靜美好。各色梅花爭奇斗艷,不時有香氣撲面而來。行至花園餐廳附近,一陣濃香來襲,竟不是梅花熟悉的味道。尋香至一株灌木前,一簇簇像繡球卻比繡球小的明黃色的花,毛茸茸的掛在枝頭,甚是可愛。粗壯的褐色小枝竟裸露在外面,沒有一片遮羞的葉子。更神奇的是,這么粗壯的小枝竟然打了一個又一個結,初看時還以為是園藝工人為了造景人為打的結,直到看到它的名字:結香,才明白這是一個心靈手巧的植物匠人 

  結香(Edgeworthia chrysantha),瑞香科結香屬植物,落葉灌木。結香,又名打結花、雪里開、金腰帶等。因結香每年分枝一次,每枝分出三個小枝,節節成三叉狀,故又稱為三叉樹。在四川、廣西和云南等地,結香被稱為夢花,因其有解夢之說——相傳,倘若有人夜里做了夢,在無人的早上去結香樹上打個結,就能好夢成真,噩夢化解。 

   頭狀花序頂生或側生,具花30-50朵成絨球狀,外圍以10枚左右被長毛而早落的總苞。 

結香的花 

  果橢圓形,綠色,長約8毫米,直徑約3.5毫米,頂端被毛。冬末春初開花,春夏間結果。由于結實率低,果實并不常見。下面這兩張果實的照片還是從植物學大神那里借來的。 

結香的果 /甘仕瑞 

  葉長圓形,披針形至倒披針形,兩面均被銀灰色絹狀毛,在開花前凋落,這個季節是沒有葉子的啦。 

結香的葉 /中國植物志 

  枝條柔軟可以打結,莖皮纖維可做高級紙及人造棉原料。 

結香的枝干 

  此外,根、莖、花均是優良的中藥材,有舒筋活血、消腫止痛之功效;也可作獸藥,治牛跌打;亦可作觀賞植物。     

  心有千千結 

  結香的花語和象征意義是:喜結連枝,在結香樹上打結有愛情甜蜜幸福的寓意。 

  關于結香愛情樹的美麗傳說 

  相傳在秦始皇時期,皇家宮廷內有一對深深相愛的戀人,女子出身高貴,而男子出身貧賤。由于門不當,戶不對,兩人的愛情是不被允許的,兩人在萬般無奈準備分手時,在結香樹上打了個結,本想以此為兩人的愛情畫個句號。但神奇的是,那個被二人打了結的結香樹在當年不僅開花多,而且花香也更濃郁。此事傳到秦始皇那里,迷信的秦始皇以為是神仙在保佑他們,立即傳旨破例讓他們結為夫妻。自此,民間便有了在結香樹上打結許愿的風俗,寓意愛情天長地久,心想事成。 

  在今天湖北的西北山區流傳著如果妙齡少女夢見了心中的白馬王子,便會在一大早爬到最高的山上去尋找一棵傳說中的女兒樹。傳說這棵女兒樹具有神奇的力量,在它柔韌的枝條上打一個結,許愿人的愿望就可以實現。故事中的女兒樹就是結香樹。 

  賞花攻略:武漢植物園櫻花大道 

  中國科學院中國植物志編輯委員會. 中國植物志[M]. 北京: 科學出版社, 1993: 18.




(責任編輯:侯茜)

附件:

專題推薦

相關新聞


© 1996 - 中國科學院 版權所有 京ICP備05002857號  京公網安備110402500047號  聯系我們

地址:北京市三里河路52號 郵編:100864

中彩www.zcwf6.com www.854818.com | www.336613.com | www.844993.com | www.14ge.com | www.22209.cc | www.026291.com | www.321137.com | www.672845.com | 258383.com | www.607301.com | www.402616.com | www.984759.com | 49902.com | www.ih85.com | www.89329.com | www.737158.com | www.pl86.com | www.76gy.com | www.36622.cc | www.981355.com | www.082579.com | www.533545.com | 292507.com | www.131517.com | 367792.com | 506929.com | www.4060365.com | www.997204.com | www.13884.cc | 全民乐彩票www.2934x.com | 505501.com | www.is62.com | www.990989.com | 18gu.com | www.ru73.com | www.94vq.com | www.602992.com | www.745993.com | 560197.com | 500彩票www.50788n.com | www.2264.vip | www.04404.cc | www.349100.com | www.577571.com | sx89.com | www.ec89.com | www.035753.com | www.819713.com | 980411.com | www.yp11.com | 中彩网www.91233e.com | www.681576.com | www.854813.com | www.7308.cm | www.qy75.com | www.800017.cc | 253838.com | 666213.com | www.388409.com | www.834163.com | www.952233.com | www.1423.cm | www.6908.vip | www.73977.cc | www.670011.com | www.735110.com | www.884788.com | 643899.com | 786875.com | www.95ks.com | www.210857.com | www.512384.com | www.797165.com | www.356216.com | www.301287.com | www.396588.com | www.4ag.com | www.4934.vip | www.236196.com | www.223225.com | www.388544.com | www.978808.com | 665888.com | www.992254.com | www.956312.com | 5099.biz | www.163382.com | www.gr73.com | www.68az.com | www.84jn.com | 中国福利彩票www.34788p.com | www.261415.com | www.87hb.com | www.m43.net | www.387245.com | www.698229.com | www.oe07.com | www.217087.com | www.468012.com | www.602322.com | 914796.com | www.ic05.com | www.42pz.com | www.846270.com | www.b10.club | www.23218.cc | www.94ht.com | www.nn7.com | www.1027.top | www.082181.com | www.736521.com | www.644608.com | www.222392.com | 242679.com | www.cp740.com | www.24ms.com | www.73lz.com | www.7811.cm | www.964340.com | www.ed9.com | www.43232.com | www.8555.me | www.978679.com | 631072.com | www.138504.com | www.751796.com | 824399.com | www.uv2.com | www.56pl.com | www.13931.com | www.073533.com | www.020923.com | www.517440.com | 266510.com | www.456496.com | www.vr20.com | www.62bs.com | www.2157.com | www.23738.cc | www.773421.com | 770181.com | www.01914.com | www.153452.com | www.331009.com | www.594422.com | www.665508.com | www.27tq.com | www.19738.com | www.800179.com | 757052.com | 734490.com | www.994721.com | www.828260.com | www.662540.com | www.987365.com | www.854321.cc | www.654666.com | www.429535.com | 3089.net | www.948522.com | www.71408.com | www.288332.com | 049078.com | 385759.com | www.uh75.com | www.029707.com | www.257536.com | www.546696.com | www.610312.com | www.972941.com | www.962731.com | 财神网www.29277y.com | www.57in.com | www.1978.me | www.404206.com | 8913.cc | www.xa12.cc | www.5cs.com | www.2722.top | www.yb91.com | www.689.tv | www.303284.com | www.328097.com | www.411216.com | www.500866.com | www.596668.com | www.720783.com | www.02744.cc | www.49748.com | www.800056.com | www.137486.cc | www.409742.com | www.728408.com | www.777853.com | 974862.com | 500彩票www.330275.com | 233487.com | 993228.com | 222453.com | www.1we.com | www.ak48.com | mg3.cc | 261925.com | www.993463.com | www.845258.com | 806058.com | 90tm.com | www.967949.com | www.787257.com | 686036.com | 998250.com | 众彩www.658960.com | 890709.com | 101076.com | www.960086.com | www.166691.com | www.548095.com | www.625177.com | www.712762.com | www.441839.com | www.617322.com | www.7016.cm | 091459.com | www.522956.com | www.43kd.com | www.869605.com | 089615.com | www.970457.com | www.720953.com | www.555339.com | www.392376.com | www.27689.cc | www.316081.com | 356040.com | www.w99.club | www.97yw.cc | www.012037.com | www.120757.com | www.316959.com | www.397791.com | www.581870.com | www.571219.com | www.772551.com | www.cai3055.com | www.432115.com | www.2394.cc | www.6802.me | www.07071.com | www.21070.com | www.06346.com | www.9963.loan | www.783547.com | www.943709.com | 496368.com | 909556.com | 588158.com | www.cp5799.com | www.8855.link | www.23620.com | www.06619.com | www.003344.cc | www.4504.in | www.019277.com | PK彩票www.www.23040.com | www.588079.com | www.049194.com | 974539.com | 619632.com | sg79.cc | 凤凰彩票www.3479o.com | www.oe63.com | www.297.biz | www.128405.com | www.103103.cc | www.662625.com | 208777.com | www.6869.cc | www.7088.biz | www.329255.com | www.152920.com | 199678.com | www.be95.com | 192537.com | 中彩网www.91233y.com | www.5545.cn | 500彩票www.383571.com | www.33tv.com | www.14yd.com | www.15pu.com | www.95lc.com | www.8691.top | www.351595.com | www.332550.com | www.762693.com | www.2816.cn | www.975756.com | www.124656.com | www.759469.com | www.675281.com | www.351672.com | www.365809.cc | www.74022.com | 974467.com | 267827.com | www.101436.com | www.07876.com | www.99623.cc | www.688335.com | www.683646.com | www.867275.com | www.179231.com | www.471805.com | www.449827.com | www.220088.cc | www.650002.com | www.768008.com | 954867.com | 892665.com | 931096.com | www.448411.com | www.949638.com | www.997614.com | 491301.com | 大赢家彩票平台www.109076.com | 新盈彩www.xinyc5.com | www.zz08.com | www.5388.tv | www.030072.com | www.122849.com | www.181327.com | www.324476.com | www.946389.com | 657649.com | www.41709.com | www.027843.com | www.83244.com | www.2851.biz | www.6668.biz | www.58666.com | 515508.com | 757056.com | www.04ry.com | www.1141.pw | www.257086.com | www.696710.com | www.390918.com | www.607619.com | www.699501.com | www.663875.com | www.734807.com | www.772453.com | www.805703.com | www.5589.com | www.420012.com | 9843.biz | 855833.com | 大赢家彩票平台www.609816.com | www.599068.com | www.529593.com | www.101219.com | 532573.com | www.4380.com | www.948028.com | www.58604.com | www.101374.com | www.027063.com | 398795.com | www.c10.shop | www.328922.com | www.671663.com | www.cu35.com | www.64zu.com | www.01000.cc | www.06434.com | www.258916.com | www.299046.com | www.761284.com | 014234.com | www.088943.com | www.32076.com | www.848.live | www.9932.cm | www.90972.com | www.1882.top | www.77bc.cc | 爱彩乐www.384918.com | 961184.com | 731584.com | www.234848.com | www.48089.com | 4